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Benn 2021aErstmals veröffentlicht: 2022 Jan 14Letzte Aktualisierung: 2022 Jan 14

SARS-CoV-2 serosurvey among adults involved in healthcare and health research in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa

  1. Studientyp
  2. Observational
  1. Studienziel
  2. Diagnostic/Prognostic
  3. Epidemiology
  1. Studiendesign
  2. Cross-sectional
  1. Interventionszuordnung
  2. Not Applicable
Referenzdatensätze

SARS-CoV-2 serosurvey among adults involved in healthcare and health research in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa

Benn CS, Salinha A, Mendes S, Cabral C, Martins C, Nielsen S, Fisker AB, Schaltz-Buchholzer F, Jørgensen CS, Aaby P
Journal article
Berichtete Ergebnisse
OBJECTIVES: Many African countries have reported fewer COVID-19 cases than countries elsewhere. By the end of 2020, Guinea-Bissau, West Africa, had <2500 PCR-confirmed cases corresponding to 0.1% of the ∼1.8 million national population. We assessed the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in urban Guinea-Bissau to help guide the pandemic response in Guinea-Bissau. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional assessment of SARS-CoV-2 antibody in a cohort of staff at the Bandim Health Project. METHODS: We measured IgG antibodies using point-of-care rapid tests among 140 staff and associates at a biometric research field station in Bissau, the capital of Guinea-Bissau, during November 2020. RESULTS: Of 140 participants, 25 (18%) were IgG-positive. Among IgG-positives, 12 (48%) reported an episode of illness since the onset of the pandemic. Twenty-five (18%) participants had been PCR-tested between May and September; 7 (28%) had been PCR-positive. Four of these seven tested IgG-negative in the present study. Five participants reported that somebody had died in their house, corresponding crudely to an annual death rate of 4.5/1000 people; no death was attributed to COVID-19. Outdoor workers had a lower prevalence of IgG-positivity. CONCLUSIONS: In spite of the low official number of COVID-19 cases, our serosurvey found a high prevalence of IgG-positivity. Most IgG-positives had not been ill. The official number of PCR-confirmed COVID-19 cases has thus grossly underestimated the prevalence of COVID-19 during the pandemic. The observed overall mortality rate in households of Bandim Health Project employees was not higher than the official Guinean mortality rate of 9.6/1000 people
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